Bouncing ball clipart

Nov 10 2019

Upon impacting the ground, some translational kinetic energy can be converted to rotational kinetic energy and vice versa depending on the ball’s impact angle and angular velocity. If the ball moves horizontally at impact, friction will have a ‘translational’ component in the direction opposite to the ball’s motion. In the figure, the ball is moving to the right, and thus it will have a translational component of friction pushing the ball to the left. Additionally, if the ball is spinning at impact, friction will have a ‘rotational’ component in the direction opposite to the ball’s rotation. On the figure, the ball is spinning clockwise, and the point impacting the ground is moving to the left with respect to the ball’s center of mass. The rotational component of friction is therefore pushing the ball to the right. Unlike the normal force and the force of gravity, these frictional forces will exert a torque on the ball, and change its angular velocity (ω).

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